Philosophy and Vision in Ancient Sudanese Culture

Mr, Mohamed Hissan
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Through ancient times Sudan was well known of its fine and applied arts , the Sudanese civilizations like Nubian civilization (3400-2720 Back) and Merwatic period (350-660 Back)Years before birth down to the Christian (565- 517 Arc) kingdoms ,art (sculpture)played vital part in both spiritual and material life people whether they were governors or ordinary people. The Nubian and later their precedent practiced various types of art, like sculptures of Gods in temples and relief's and wall painting act … also in Nubian architecture you can notice the way of decorating of temples and gates up to now. Merwatic era was well known of being the first kingdom in Africa and probably in the old world that melted and shaped iron. The Merwatic Alphabet is composed of drawn signals which reveal sense of art, yet most of the Merwatic alphabet is not interpreted. After Arab (641 Arc) came to Sudan there had been some changes in customs, but the traditional art still practiced. Some of Sudanese tribes used to produce artistic works which serves fine and applied art functions - the enriched works nature of Sudan inspired the sense of art in past and present. For all the above I am looking deep in Sudanese old relief's to guess what it says? In the past and present time and which kind of analyses will explain it as possible. Taking in my research fixing natural circumstance conditions (weather – rich nature –River Nile –animal resources etc,). I would like to say it is large research but there is major connecting point between all Sudanese ancient arts which my research will take it (philosophy vision). Magic has a power and large believers in all ancient kingdoms and so contemporary tribes here in Sudan, some customs independent on magic (like harvest dance or war dance or birth day of great man etc,) beside it is magic also give high confidence for them. Beautiful decoration in walls and dresses and pots and cups and arms and food equipments and doors has many meaning like defines bad devils play as totems. Hunting for brave men played basic contest and practical test, also to get food when they are traveling. They uses animals leathers as wears some times for decoration houses, and for show also (see me I killed a lion before). Gold played important role in Sudanese culture at ancient and present life reveal to wealth. Women use gold for decoration and beauty accessories (see me I am rich or my husband is high class man). Agriculture and irrigation help Sudanese people in there life up to now because there is a lot of water and good soil and deferent weathers mean that there is verity (seeds – fruits – vegetables). Middle East (Earth of religions) north of Sudan to be effected by most of sky religions (Islam – Christianity,) this location of Sudan mainly cause of problems and war every body see him self is better than his brother they never take peace and love in first class to living together with multicultural sense. Any way the drawing and sculpture is so simple and nice contains an ideas and expiration mode, leading you to touch real culture and real people have deferent traditions and customs, most of signs and motives had seen in many places in there art works (sculpture – painting – ceramic), for example one sign reveal to river, River Nile has many meanings and secrets (power – life – immortality – welfare – sometimes God).

Keywords: Philosophy, Ethics, Consciousness, History, Historiography, First Nations and Indigenous Peoples ,Science, Environment and the Humanities
Stream: History, Historiography
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.

Mr, Mohamed Hissan

Plastic Artist, Plastic Artist and Researcher., Sudanese Plastic Artist Association

Mohamed Abbakar Hissan / Sculptor. Born: Omdurman, 1969 Education: Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A) College of Fine and Applied Art, Sudan University for Science and Technology, Khartoum, 1993; B.A. Bachelor of Art, Philosophy Department, El- Neelain University, 1993. Exhibitions: Group exhibitions: 1990, Italy Ambassador's house, Khartoum, Sudan. 1991 Joint exhibition, Swakin, East Sudan. 1993, Graduation exhibition, College of Fine and Applied Art, Khartoum, Sudan. 1994, Exhibition (Five Hundred Years for the Fonj Kingdom establishment), Sinaar, Sudan. 1994, Cairo, Egypt. 1995, Flowers Festival, Friendship Hall, Khartoum, Sudan. 1996, Group exhibition (Sponsored by Ageb Gas), Khartoum, Sudan. 1996, Sibyan Magazine exhibition (magazine 50th anniversary), Sudan National Museum, Khartoum, Sudan. 1997, National Culture and Arts Corporation, Omdurman, Sudan. 1999, Sudan National Museum, Khartoum, Sudan. 1999, International Exhibition of Sudanese Art, Temple of Peace, Cardiff, Wales, Britain. 2000 group exhibition at St. David Hall Cardiff U.K. 2002 group exhibition at Sudanese Restaurant Marawi London. 2003 group exhibition at Arogaa Khartoum Sudan. 2004 Peace exhibition at Khartoum. 2004 Tehran Iran first biennial of Islamic world. Solo exhibitions: 1997, France Cultural Center, Khartoum, Sudan. 2003 , France Cultural Center, Khartoum. Sudan. Workshops and activities: 1991, Lino cut workshop (with German artist Michel Huth), College of Fine and Applied Art, Khartoum, Sudan. 1996, Amal Society workshop (slogan was "Children Right Agreement"), Khartoum, Sudan. 1996, Drawing and Painting, Gothe Institute, Khartoum, Sudan. 1996, Subiean Magazine 50th anniversary workshop, Khartoum, Sudan. 1997, Painting workshop (with French artist Zenat) France Cultural Center, Khartoum, Sudan. Membership: Member of Philosophy Society El- Neelain University; Member of Sudanese Environment Conservation Society. Member of Sudanese Plastic Artists Association.

Ref: H05P0858