Thinking Through Cuba: Garcia Marquez's AfroCaribbean
After the publication of One Hundred Years of Solitude, Garcia Marquez began to give interviews in which he repeatedly referred to himself and his work as Caribbean rather than Colombian. At the same time, he publicly declared his sympathy for the Cuban revolution. He visited the island repeatedly, became a personal friend of Fidel Castro, was instrumental in founding a Cuban film school, and visited Africa as a Cuban-sponsored journalist. His sympathy for the Cuban revolution became intertwined with his Utopian politics and his nostalgic view of the Caribbean. His affirmation of Caribbean culture often contained coded references to the achievements of the Cuban revolution. At the same time, Garcia Marquez's understanding of and sensitivity to the ethnic antagonisms of the Caribbean increased, as is evident in the development of his fiction. His novels grow increasingly attentive to questions of AfroCaribbean ethnic identity and of the legacy of slavery. Thus, Garcia Marquez's trip to Angola during Cuba's military intervention in Africa and the novelist's frequent visits to Cuba and other Caribbean locations transform the author's representation of race and racism in Caribbean Colombia.
Keywords: Garcia Marquez, Cuba, AfroCaribbean
Dr Adelaida Lopez -Mejia
Professor, Spanish and French Literary Studies, Occidental College, Los Angeles, California, USA