Value Priorities: Comparative Studies of Japanese and American Service Academy Students
The study explores value priorities of Japanese and American service academy students following Schwartz's value theory. Schwartz (1992, 1994) identifies 57 value items under the 10 value categories (Conformity, Tradition, Benevolence, Universalism, Self-Direction, Stimulation, Hedonism, Achievement, Power, and Security), together forming a circular structure with conflicting values in opposing directions from the center and compatible values in close proximity on the boundary. Numerous empirical studies in various countries including Japan and America have supported the content and structural validity of the Schwartz value theory. One hundred forty one first-year service academy students including 72 Japanese students and 69 American students anonymously completed the Schwartz value survey. The study presents value priorities of the two national groups in terms of mean importance rankings and ratings of the 10 value categories and discusses its findings within institutional and cultural contexts of the service academy and the society at large.
Keywords: Value Priorities, Comparative Studies
Prof. Chie Paik
Associate Professor, Language Studies Department, United States Naval Academy