Differential Socialization of Emotion: An Emotional Socialization of Race and Race Relations

By:
Dr. James Smith
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Emotions are an integral and significant aspect of human interaction and the underlying motivation for all behavior.

Literature present a social functional of emotion summarized in three statements, "Social living presents social animals, including humans, with problems whose solutions are critical for individual survival. Emotions have been designed in the course of evolution to solve these problems. Culture looses the linkages between emotions and problem so that cultures find new ways to solve problems for which emotions evolved, and cultures find new ways of using emotions". Research and literature suggest it is an emotional disconnection or emotional distance that prevents us from connecting with other people, particularly people who are different from ourselves or the majority population, thus making it easy to justify and engage in behavior that is biased, discriminatory, prejudicial, and unjust. Humans separate and disenfranchise members, through socially constructed boundaries, of gender, race, religion, regionalism, nationalism, emotionally preventing a level and quality of bonding and attachment for enlightened, civilized, democratic human interaction and social and economic justice.

In a study investigating the relationship between emotional intelligence and criminal behavior, the results suggest that as with gender, people may receive a different emotional socialization based on race. Having an understanding of and establishing an association between the socialization of emotions and behavior presents significant implications for human relations and the issues of social and economic justice.


Keywords: Emotions, Behavior, Emotional Intelligence, Social and Economic Justice, Social Constructs
Stream: Immigration, Refugees, Race, Nation
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: Differential Socialization of Emotions


Dr. James Smith

Assistant Professor, Division of Social Work College of Health Sciences, University of Wyoming
USA

Dr Smith's social work experience includes the American National Red Cross, active duty Army (15 years) and Army Reserve (9 years) Social Work Officer in a Combat Stress Medical Unit and 7 years in civilian clinical practice. In addition to his University, teaching, research and service responsibilities, he is current a clinical therapist with the Counseling and Psychology Clinic in Laramie, Wyoming, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in North Carolina and Wyoming; and Licensed Specialist Clinical Social Worker and Licensed Clinical Marriage and Family Therapist in Kansas. His research interest is the influence of emotions and emotional intelligence on behavior and human interaction. He has been conducting research to study the emotional intelligence of undergraduate and graduate social work students as a variable for academic performance and practice effectiveness of social work students and whose aim is to develop a social emotional learning component to enhance their emotional aware for education and practice competence. His article, "Race, Emotion, and Socialization", can be found in the special issue of the 'Race, Gender, and Class Journal', entitled, "Race, Gender, and Class in Psychology: A Critical Approach" Volume 9, #4, 2002 (winter issue). His most recent article, "Emotional Intelligence and Criminal Behavior: An Exploratory Study of People on Parole", for the' Journal of Offender Rehabilitation' is in press. His articles, "Emotional Intelligence and Social Work Students: Implications for Education and Practice Effectiveness" for the Journal of Teaching in Social Work is in review. He co-authored "Criminal Convictions and Program Admissions" for the 'Journal of Social Work Values and Ethics'. He is one of the authors for "Scholarship Development: Writing Support Group Project" for the 'Journal of Nursing Scholarship', and "Inclusion and the Role of the School Social Worker in Wyoming" for the 'School Social Work Journal'

Ref: H05P0061