Male-Female Earnings Differentials in Sarawak, Malaysia
This study examines earnings differentials between male and female workers in the Sarawak urban labour market. The results show that about 11 per cent average monthly earnings difference exists between men and women. Some of these differences are due to the level of educational attainment, working experience, occupation and working hours. These factors account for 30.1 per cent of the difference in observed earnings between genders and leave 69.9 per cent to discrimination. However, if the women earnings structure were to apply, the percentage of earnings differential attributed to discrimination reduces to 41.5 per cent. A simple average of the estimates implies that discrimination still accounts for a large proportion, i.e. 55.8 per cent of the monthly earnings differentials between male and female workers in Sarawak. The cost of being a female worker, therefore, is estimated to range between five to eight per cent of their monthly average wages.
Keywords: Gender, Earnings Differentials, Discrimination
Low Kuek Long
University Technology MARA, Sarawak Branch
Ms Siew Ching Goy
Lecturer, School of Business and management, University Technology MARA, Sarawak Branch