A Study of Human Rights Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) as Social Movement Organizations (SMOs) in Hong Kong: Implications for Higher Education

Dr. Maria Lai-Ling Lam
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The uncertainties of political environment together with the unsound human rights records in China trigger a wave of human rights movements when Hong Kong is back to China after 1997. NGOs monitor and evaluate the human rights situations in Hong Kong some even criticize many civil and political rights have been gradually deprived in silence.

Human rights movement in Hong Kong from 1989 to 2000 has not emerged as a major force in mobilizing public opinion or influencing public policy makers. The central concern is that whether NGOs, either local or international ones, have used their full potential to promote human rights in Hong Kong or even have lobbied public policy makers to place a high priority of human rights consideration in policy making. It is a key question how human rights NGOs sustain their movement activities in a non-democratic and under-developed civil society.

The study is designed to understand the on-going accomplishments of human rights NGOs as social movement organizations (SMOs) and to achieve the following objectives: (1) To identify the major factors that constitute political opportunities and constraints of the human rights movement in Hong Kong from 1989 to 2000; (2) To describe the overall profile of those key human rights NGOs in Hong Kong in terms of their size, goals, activities, autonomy, leaderships, international networking and activities; (3) To assess those key human rights NGOs' contributions to and obstacles in sustaining human rights movement; (4) To suggest some strategies in enhancing those key human rights NGOs in promoting human rights movement in Hong Kong. The study recommends new roles of Human Rights NGOs by strengthening local and international networking, and developing strategic framing process.

Keywords: Human Rights, Social Movement, Organization Actors, Civil Society, Framing, Non-Government Organizations, Resource Mobilization Theory, Political Process Model, Hong Kong
Stream: Political Science, Politics, Globalisation
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A Study of Human Rights Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) as Social Movement Organizations (SMOs) in Hong Kong, China

Dr. Maria Lai-Ling Lam

Associate Professor, School of Business Administration, Malone College

I was born and raised up in Hong Kong. I have seen the changes and human rights movement of Hong Kong from 1998 to 2001. I had spent 21 days in Hungary this summer to study how Hungary was integrated in European Union and the role of non-government organizations in the development of civil society. I am interested about the work of human rights commission of European Union and its influence upon non-government organizations in Hong Kong.

Ref: H05P0456