Consolidation of Human Security Norms: Ban on Antipersonnel Landmines
This project seeks to examine how human security norms are consolidated. Human security refers to people's security from violent and nonviolent threats, rather than the traditional military security of state territory. Consolidation means that a definition of a norm is clear enough to lead to an integrated policy and that it is accepted deeply enough to be implemented. First, this project proposes the idea of human security regime. Human security regime refers holistically to the overlaps and interactions of human security practices, such as a series of agreements, relief activities, and advocacy, by states, NGOs, and international organizations. Human security regime has no definitional boundaries leaving components of human security open-ended. Second, this project hypothesizes that human security regime functions as moral authority, which actors refer to and invoke repeatedly in a specific context, such as refugee crisis. The accumulation of these small initiative steps eventually becomes a rallying point and a specific norm, thus leading to a concrete and integrated policy. Lastly, this project tests the hypothesis with the case regarding the norm of ban on antipersonnel landmines, which is institutionalized as the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty and widely agreed upon as a human security norm. This case study will demonstrate that human security regime contribute to the better implementation of the treaty by its signatories.
Keywords: Norm consolidation, Human security regime, Human security norm
Ms Naoko Kumagai
Ph.D. Candidate, Ph.D. Program in Political Science, Graduate Center of the City University of New York