Antiquity as Future: A Nietzschean Approach to Classical Antiquity as an Example
In his "Schopenhauer als Erzieher" Nietzsche develops a vision of antiquity as exemple, v. g., as a model to be followed, with the required changes, in order to achieve a better humanity and also a better science/knowledge. And this will be achieved not by slavish imitation, but by understanding what exemples means. To do so I will start with the Kantian definition in Critique of Judgment of exemple as that which provokes the appearance of the 'New', so exemple is not a copy, but a productive 'activity (Culture).' What is generally thought of as 'old' is the 'locus' of the future. In this only is the study of the past redeem, since it is no longer the business of a professional class of experts, but it can become the ground of a new form of community. The motor of this vision is 'love' as that which enables man to partake of the 'genius' and so cut the elitist edge of the theory. This vision surely is, understandable enough, the product of the German cultural tradition, but nevertheless it offers a structure to think the future of humanities in a broader sense which includes all cultures.
Keywords: Antiquity as Future, Genius, Exemple and Love, Kant and Nietzsche, Community
Researcher, Universidade Nova de Lisboa - Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Instituto de Filosofia da Linguagem