Fusing Horizons: Using Grammatical Tools in Digital and Non-digital Media Education and Practice
Grammar, Creativity, Digital, Interdisciplinary, Design
This paper posits grammatical design as a fundamental teaching approach. It highlights the value of both schematic and formal systems when using notions of rules, grammar and contingency to assist and augment traditional pedagogical approaches (Wong 1977) used in higher education. It argues that a 'grammatical studio' can form the basis for the development of design processes that offer transparency (Knight 1994), consistency (Harrison 1978), creativity (De Bono 1990) and reflectivity (Schön 1987). Drawing on the cultural impact of Heidegger's "hermeneutical turn" (Heidegger 1967) and the subsequent development of cultural identification by Gadamer (Gadamer 1975), a "fusion of horizons" may occur when designers are challenged to explore their ideas in an educative experience that includes both personal (Polyani 1967) and structural design thinking (Lawson 1980). Using reflective practice (Schön 1983, 1990) in conjunction with rule-based form making experimentation enables insight and growth in self-esteem (Virilio 2003). Recent studio work of architecture students at the University of Adelaide offers a prototype course for the use of grammatical tools for both digital and non-digital design. Digital media is used as an adjunct to enhance the exploration of grammatical design possibilities. Non-digital media is used to enhance and awaken possibilities for creativity in traditional design arenas using a grammatical mind set.
Paper Presentation in English
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Dr. Dean Bruton
Senior Lecturer, School of Architecture, Landscape Architecture and Urban Design, The University of Adelaide
Dr Dean Bruton is an Australian artist, theorist, lecturer and curator in the field of New Media and Digital Design. His art and design practice involves a wide range of traditional media with more recent emphasis on digital media. He has exhibited both nationally and internationally. Since 1997, as Head: New Media at the South Australian School of Art, University of South Australia he developed research in computer graphics, particularly 3D visualisation. Dr Bruton is responsible for all UniSA New Media courses offered within the Bachelor of Visual Art. He supervises Honours, Postgraduate (MA PhD) and runs Studio Specialisation projects. Dr Bruton's special interests are digital media design visualisation and simulation; shape grammar and grammatical approaches to designing, philosophical aspects of computing and pedagogical issues in art education. Upon the completion of his PhD (Arch) in 1998 at The University of Adelaide, he joined the staff of the South Australian School of Art as a Lecturer in Computer Imaging, and then became Studio Head: New Media in 2001. Between 2000 and 2002 he introduced 3D animation courses and workshops and developed grammatical approaches to digital art pedagogy within the art and design studio courses. Dr Bruton is the author of a book and several publications on the history of contemporary art in South Australia and many oral histories of contemporary artists in South Australia (1984). Together with Prof. Antony Radford, he is currently working on a new book based on his PhD thesis, "A Contingent Sense of Grammar". Dr Bruton is on special UniSA as Senior Lecturer and Director of the Postgraduate Digital Media Program, School of Architecture, Landscape Architecture and Urban Design, The University of Adelaide.